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JOURNALISM IN TURKEY:

PRACTICES, CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES

Edited By Devrim İnce and Yurdagül Bezirgan Arar

Journalism in Turkey has an ambivalent characteristic. On the one hand, the social demand for genuine journalism has increased, and on the other hand, news has turned into a tool within the polluted political polarization atmosphere.
In the age of fake news and post-truth, practices of journalism in Turkey both contain significantly striking examples of how media professionals overcome the barriers and also give some clues about the changing nature of journalism. The book examines the deep crisis mainstream media experience in Turkey. New-born media institutions, alternatives, their start-up strategies, and transformation of journalism field are scrutinized by qualitative and quantitative methods. The book aims to present a current picture of journalism in Turkey by underlining both historical continuities and breaks from the tradition.
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From Citizen Journalism to Alternative Media: The Case of 140journos (Ayçin Gelir-Atabey & Erhan Atabey)

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Ayçin Gelir-Atabey & Erhan Atabey

From Citizen Journalism to Alternative Media: The Case of 140journos

Introduction

Upon the extensive transformation of communication technologies and the global increase in internet access, broadcasting opportunities have spread to a wide base and new opportunities have emerged in terms of rapidly delivering the produced contents to the masses. While these developments have changed the existing media ecosystem from various aspects, particularly in production and distribution practices, they have also directly led to the opening of new production areas. Citizen journalism, which emerged as a new news production practice and was assumed to have democratized the media ecosystem by making citizens a subject in news production, has become one of the main points at issue on journalism within the extensive transformation of the media. It can be said that citizen journalism practices have a unique adventure in the social, political, technological context and media environment of each country. In this respect, it can be stated that theoretical discussions should be enriched with data-based studies.

In recent years, the trend on citizen journalism, both in the context of periodicals and in the academic literature is to evaluate citizen journalism within the focus of social media such as Facebook and Twitter (Kim & Lowrey, 2015: 298). The main reason why the studies focus on social media is, as can be expected, that citizen journalism activities are now mostly carried out in these media. This development is quite understandable...

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