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JOURNALISM IN TURKEY:

PRACTICES, CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES

Edited By Devrim İnce and Yurdagül Bezirgan Arar

Journalism in Turkey has an ambivalent characteristic. On the one hand, the social demand for genuine journalism has increased, and on the other hand, news has turned into a tool within the polluted political polarization atmosphere.
In the age of fake news and post-truth, practices of journalism in Turkey both contain significantly striking examples of how media professionals overcome the barriers and also give some clues about the changing nature of journalism. The book examines the deep crisis mainstream media experience in Turkey. New-born media institutions, alternatives, their start-up strategies, and transformation of journalism field are scrutinized by qualitative and quantitative methods. The book aims to present a current picture of journalism in Turkey by underlining both historical continuities and breaks from the tradition.
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New Inequality in the Field of Journalism: Technical Capital (Şerife Öztürk)

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Şerife Öztürk

New Inequality in the Field of Journalism: Technical Capital*

Introduction

Although journalism is in a transformation due to digitalization, its function has not changed radically. Journalism’s transformation, which started on the internet and still continues on other digital environments, has changed the newsmaking processes, the definition and the position of journalists. The medium plays an active role and it is placed in the heart of journalism practice. With technology, the tools used in the journalism field constantly change and they transform the practice of journalism. Innovations brought by digitalization, competitive markets, sources, decreases in costs, the collapse of traditional business models, the role of social media, the places where news is produced and consumed are the key points of this transformation (Franklin, 2017: 41).

When Pavlik (2013) lists the phases of journalism’s transformation in digital media, he puts the tools first. Digitalization has increased the number of tools journalists can work with and has accelerated the transmission of news by the opportunities it brings to the newsgathering and newsmaking processes by connecting to the internet. In the context of journalism, speed is the most important element of the digital environment brings along. Access to information from anywhere, at any time and the quick consumption of it, rise the importance of speed one more time. Reporting the news as fast and as accurately as possible is a matter of prestige for the media organizations and a factor to raise earnings...

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