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Subjekt und Liminalität in der Gegenwartsliteratur

Band 8.2: Schwellenzeit – Gattungstransitionen – Grenzerfahrungen; Sergej Birjukov zum 70. Geburtstag

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Edited By Matthias Fechner and Henrieke Stahl

Liminalität ist ein Signum der Gegenwart. Die neuere Literatur, insbesondere die Lyrik, nimmt seismographisch liminale Phänomene der Gegenwart wahr und bildet vielfältige liminale Formen und Funktionen aus. Zentral betroffen ist das sprechende Subjekt, das in Transition versetzt wird: Zersetzung, Auflösung, Fluidität, aber auch Transparenz und Transformation öffnen seine Grenzen zum Anderen: zu den Mitmenschen, der Natur oder auch der Transzendenz. Der vorliegende Band vereint Aufsätze, die Liminalität in Bezug auf Schwellenzeit als conditio historiae der Gegenwart, auf Gattungstransitionen und auf Grenzerfahrungen des Subjekts behandeln. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf russisch- und deutschsprachigen Gedichten. Darüber hinaus werden weitere slavische und ostasiatische Literaturen einzeln und komparatistisch behandelt sowie andere Gattungen, intermediale Formen und philosophische Perspektiven einbezogen.

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Potentialities of Disruption: Polina Barskova’s and Linor Goralik’s Liminal Subjects

Potentialities of Disruption: Polina Barskova’s and Linor Goralik’s Liminal Subjects

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Mark Lipovetsky (New York)

This article features two authors – Polina Barskova (b. 1976) and Linor Goralik (b. 1975). Both of them belong to the circle of experimental writers opposing the cultural mainstream, both have experienced emigration – Barskova lives permanently in the US, while Goralik divides her time between Russia and Israel. Both consistently explore liminal situations in their prose and poetry alike. In the case of Barskova, I will focus on poems thematically associated with the Siege of Leningrad – a large-scale catastrophic event where the liminal coincides with the historical. In the case of Goralik, I will examine her cycle of short texts entitled «Говорит» [S/he talks]; each of which captures its characters in а liminal situation caused by individual or family crisis. I will try to understand how the liminal situations in these works shape a liminal subject, and describe the dominant characteristics of this subject.

It was Victor Turner who famously introduced the concept of liminality to the modern intellectual vocabulary. Using Arnold van Gennep’s research on rites of passage and a liminal phase as their necessary part, Turner expanded this anthropological term into a characteristic of similar states in both individual life and collective experience, ranging from all-inclusive carnivals to the social fabric of marginalized communities. Turner summarizes the features of the subject in a liminal situation as follows:

(1) Subjects undergoing a rite of passage experience “a ‘leveling’ process in which signs of their pre-liminal status are destroyed and signs of their...

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