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L’hebdomadaire Die Zukunft (1938-40) et ses auteurs (1899-1979) : Penser l’Europe et le monde au XXe siècle

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Annette Grohmann-Nogarède

Dans cet ouvrage, l’auteure présente une publication sur l’émigration antihitlérienne. On y découvre un vaste réseau transnational composé de plusieurs auteurs de différents pays dont Thomas et Heinrich Mann, H.G. Wells, Aldous Huxley, François Mauriac ou Georges Duhamel. C’est un voyage dans le temps couvrant une grande partie du XXe siècle à la découverte des personnalités hors pair : les architectes qui ont façonné le monde tel qu’il est aujourd’hui. Le sens de la responsabilité de l’intellectuel devant l’histoire et une détermination sans faille les relient. L’image de cet "intellectuel engagé" apparaît sous un jour nouveau.

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The magazine Die Zukunft (1938–1940) and its authors (1899–1979) : Political concepts for Europe and the world in the 20th century

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Die Zukunft was a publication of antifascist émigrés in Paris which came out in 83 issues between 1938 and 1940, among them some special bilingual editions : « England-Germany » (« England-Deutschland »), « Sweden-Germany » (« Schweden-Deutschland ») or « France-Germany » (« Frankreich-Deutschland »). The magazine was created by a former key figure of the Comintern, Willi Münzenberg, after his breakoff with stalinism in 1938.

It allows to discover an impressive transnational network of 332 authors from 25 countries and distinguishes itself by the implication of well-known intellectuals and politicians, such as Heinrich, Thomas, Klaus and Erika Mann, Alfred Döblin, Lion Feuchtwanger, H.G. Wells, Aldous Huxley, Harold Macmillan, Clement Attlee, Édouard Daladier or Édouard Herriot. Even Jawaharlal Nehru participates in the debate about the future of the colonial empires, an important issue for the Zukunft.

This can be explained by the fact that the magazine did not restrain itself to a platform of information for German-speaking émigrés in Paris, but aimed at a wide discussion about a new order for Germany, Europe and the world after Hitler’s downfall, as it is expressed in its title (Die Zukunft means The Future). This order should follow keynesian economics and establish a welfare state, integrate Germany into the Western world and a European federation, and safeguard peace on an international level. The colonial empires should be transformed into equal partnerships. The role of German emigration in all this projects comes out clearly from the analysis of the Zukunft articles.

The magazine was...

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