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Il discorso sulle migrazioni / Der Migrationsdiskurs

Approcci linguistici, comparativi e interdisciplinari / Sprachwissenschaftliche, vergleichende und interdisziplinäre Perspektiven

Edited By Daniela Pietrini

Sempre presenti nella storia dell’umanità, le migrazioni sono divenute negli ultimi anni un tema centrale della politica e della cultura europee. Attraverso i contributi di studiosi di paesi e discipline differenti, il volume indaga su come sia costruita linguisticamente la recente discussione pubblica sulla migrazione, analizzando il lessico, l’argomentazione, il discorso sui migranti nella politica e nella legislazione, nei giornali, nei social media, nel cinema. Il focus è sulla situazione italiana e tedesca, ma vi sono anche studi su altri paesi (Francia, Regno Unito, Romania, Spagna) e ricerche comparative.       

Seit jeher sind Migrationsbewegungen Teil der Menschheitsgeschichte. Doch erst in den letzten Jahren sind sie ein zentrales Thema der europäischen Kultur und Politik geworden. Mit Beiträgen von Wissenschaftlern unterschiedlicher Provenienz und Fachrichtung geht der vorliegende Band der Frage nach, wie die neueste öffentliche Diskussion über die Migration sprachlich konstruiert wird. Untersucht werden dafür der Wortschatz, die Argumentation und der Diskurs über die Migranten in Politik und Gesetzgebung sowie in der Presse, in den Social media und im Film. Im Zentrum stehen Italien und Deutschland, doch es gibt auch Studien zu anderen Ländern (Frankreich, Großbritannien, Rumänien, Spanien) und vergleichende Forschung.

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Discorsi sulle migrazioni in Italia e Spagna: un’analisi comparativa (Martin Becker)

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Martin Becker

Discorsi sulle migrazioni in Italia e Spagna: un’analisi comparativa

Immigration discourses in Italy and Spain: some aspects of comparison

Abstract: The debate over migration, along with the climate issue, has become the central hot topic of the present political debate and ideological identification in the Western world. It is therefore of great public interest to examine in more detail the discourse – or rather: the discourses – on migration in different countries of Europe. Given its current relevance and impact on the European level, the article will focus, above all, on the discourse on migration in Italy, which until now has been strongly influenced by the Lega party and its vociferous spokesman, the former Minister of the Interior Matteo Salvini. At the same time, I will also analyse the attempts aimed at developing a counter-discourse, especially by the Democratic Party (PD). This counter-discourse is also fostered by an influential part of the political press, in particular the Gruppo Editoriale L’Espresso with the weekly L’Espresso and the daily newspaper Repubblica, which strongly oppose the perspective propagated by the new right-wing populism. The peculiarities of the discursive constellation in Italy become even more apparent when compared to the migration discourse in Spain, which allows us to highlight significant differences with regard to the presuppositions and principles of ordering underlying the discourses on migration in the two countries. As we will see in this article, striking differences in the perception and evaluation of the migratory phenomenon are...

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