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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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As it is known, international irregular migration movements are an important political problem with the effects they cause, and an area in which cooperation is needed in their solution. Migration journeys triggered by political, military, geographical, cultural, social, economic, ecological and even psychological factors, as well as individual factors, reach different social dimensions with global inequalities and can cause humanitarian problems between countries. This profile, which is often defined as the other, foreigner, illegal, migrant, asylum seeker or refugee, is also addressed and discussed within itself. In other words, the question of whether irregular migration movements at the international scale a necessity or a requirement of needs encounter is still important as a subject of debate.

From a historical point of view, it is seen that long-distance migration mobility differs in terms of settled and nomadic societies; however, the main factor causing migration is mostly economic factors. People or societies have always sought the better and prosperity through self-realization or an effort to exist. The fact that today’s international population mobility is from southern geographies to the north is also a product of living standards and economic expectations. Especially the financial possibilities of Western countries can be seen as attractive in the rest of the world, and long and dangerous journeys can be taken into consideration. In this sense, in addition to the lifestyle awareness that the technological development has highlighted, the high living standards that the migration producing geographies cannot overcome are the common dimensions...

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