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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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The Concept of Resilience as a Buffer Mechanism and Factors Affecting the Formation of Migrant Resilience: (Merve ÇALHAN)



The Concept of Resilience as a Buffer Mechanism and Factors Affecting the Formation of Migrant Resilience

1 Introduction

Resilience is defined as the capacity of dynamic systems that can recover or survive after significant difficulties in the broad sense. Although the definition of the concept of resilience has been carried out in different disciplines to date, the common feature of all definitions is the power of individuals, communities, societies and systems to survive in the face of difficulties encountered. Today, resilience studies focus on individuals’ abilities and capacities to absorb stressful events in their lives (Frankenberger, Mueller, Spangler, & Alexander, 2013; OXFAM International [OXFAM], 2019). In other words, resilience functions conceptually as an “emergency button” that enables individuals to display relatively successful outputs across the various challenges they face in their life cycle (Daniel, 2010: 238). With this function, the concept of resilience operates as a “buffer mechanism” in both social systems and the elements that make up these systems.

Luthar, Cicchetti, and Becker have made the concept even more comprehensive by defining resilience as “a dynamic process encompassing positive adaptation within the context of significant adversity” (Luthar, Cicchetti, & Backer, 2000: 543; Olsson, Bond, Burns, Vella-Brodrick, & Sawyer, 2003). According to Masten, one of the leading scholars in resilience studies, resilience is defined as “the output, capacity and duration of successful adaptation despite the existence of difficult and threatening conditions” (Masten, Best, & Garmezy, 1990: 426). Hence, Masten used...

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