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River Flowing North

Migration Generating Geographies and International Irregular Migrations

Edited By Suat KOLUKIRIK and Elif Gün

The phenomenon of migration, whose boundaries cannot be drawn, is not only a process that needs to be resolved economically, but also a multidimensional phenomenon that encompasses many areas in political, cultural, legal and social terms. Although the people built nations for themselves, set borders and established a relationship of belonging on certain lands, migration has always existed and continues to exist as a reality that pushes the limits of countries. In particular, the flows and possibilities that globalization has brought have enabled the phenomenon of migration to gain a different dimension and to be practiced and experienced in different ways in different parts of the world. Today, migration has ceased to be a phenomenon that affects only the countries that receive and produce migrants and that are located on the migration routes, and has become a series of events that occur on a transnational plane and await solutions. Now, the phenomenon of migration has become a problem of humanity, not a problem of individual communities and nations, and has become an important issue that needs to be approached on an international and global level.

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Irregular Migration, Refugee Children and Special Needs: (Gizem Yağmur DEĞİRMENCİ)



Irregular Migration, Refugee Children and Special Needs

1 Introduction

The concept of childhood has changed in every era until today and has the feature of being approached differently by each society. Historical events have influenced the understanding of childhood just as it affects individuals and communities. Wars pushed us to perceive children as soldiers, and difficult conditions as workers or small adults. When the discourses on childhood are examined, it is Rousseau who first expressed the idea that childhood is a separate life period, close to our modern understanding. He strongly opposed the idea of seeking the reflection of adulthood in childhood (Rousseau, 2011). The main reason for this opposition is the developmental needs neglected by the idea that children are small women and men, which negatively affects individuals of this age.

The reason why the view on childhood is so important is that it directly affects many services and opportunities, especially education and health, that will be offered to individuals in such a critical life period (Tan, 1989). Childhood is a sensitive period in human development, and individuals in this period of life need many services in terms of environmental conditions, psychological, physiological, health, economic or social aspects. Failure to meet these needs, or inadequacy in doing so, puts individuals’ development at risk (Cılga, 2012). The fact that the development is at risk during childhood threatens individuals especially in terms of physical and mental problems....

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