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Technology and Social Choices in the Era of Social Transformations

Edited By Borut Rončević and Matej Makarovič

From the dawn of humanity, the dialectic relationship between technology and society has been one of the driving forces behind changes in both realms. Trends in technological developments and their applications are, ultimately, the result of individual and collective choices. At the same time, technology influences the social choices of individuals, small groups and entire societies. This book focuses on two closely related ideas: technological development and social choices. While relating them, the book shows the relationship between human individuals and their agency; social structures, both as the initial context and as resulting from human agency; and technology that has been developed and applied by human agents’ choices within social contexts.

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Digital Gap: Media Habits of Youth and Senior Citizens in Slovenia (Mateja Rek)

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Mateja Rek

Abstract: In this contribution, we explore specific aspects of the media habits of youth and senior citizens (aged 65+) in Slovenia and identify which skills efforts to foster media literacy of both generations should focus on developing. The results of the analysis confirm the existence of a significant digital divide between the two generations. We describe how youth and senior citizens in Slovenia use media in very different ways. The critical issue with senior citizens’ digital use is the large share of the older population that is anxious about trying to learn to use the internet, lacking confidence or being afraid of failure. Regarding youth, there are not many issues in access or abilities to use digital media. There are, however, shortcomings in their ability to reflect on media contents to which they are exposed and to participate in content creation processes in a personally and socially beneficial and desirable way.

Keywords: digitalization, media literacy, media education, youth, senior citizens, competences, critical assessment, training, lifelong learning

The public discourse on youth and their media habits is continuously marked by concerns about the effects of the characteristic of massive media exposure for contemporary youth, who may lack the maturity to enable them to make more informed choices or to recognize the positive and negative aspects of on-screen or online content. They are vulnerable to the dangers of developing unwanted behavioural patterns as a consequence of poor media choices. Concerns regarding this, as well...

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