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Technology and Social Choices in the Era of Social Transformations

Edited By Borut Rončević and Matej Makarovič

From the dawn of humanity, the dialectic relationship between technology and society has been one of the driving forces behind changes in both realms. Trends in technological developments and their applications are, ultimately, the result of individual and collective choices. At the same time, technology influences the social choices of individuals, small groups and entire societies. This book focuses on two closely related ideas: technological development and social choices. While relating them, the book shows the relationship between human individuals and their agency; social structures, both as the initial context and as resulting from human agency; and technology that has been developed and applied by human agents’ choices within social contexts.

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Does Digitalization Make Slovenian Youth More Reflexive? (Tea Golob and Matej Makarovič)

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Tea Golob and Matej Makarovič

Abstract: In our research, we follow the morphogenetic approach of M. Archer, who sees reflexivity as a mediator between structure and agency through individuals’ inner dialogues. We apply a reflexivity measurement tool (RMT) as an approximate quantitative indicator of reflexivity levels and modes. The tool is extended to include the assessment of relational reflexivity as a potential for creating common (relational) goods. Using the data from an on-line survey among the Slovenian youth, we demonstrate that the technological environment has significant impact on their reflexivity. Using digital technology for public services, informal learning and following the news implies higher relational reflexivity, while its use for leisure and entertainment has the opposite effect.

Keywords: relational reflexivity, reflexivity measurement tool, youth, ICT, morphogenetic approach

In this chapter, we address the reflexive capacities of young people in Slovenia. The focus is on their abilities to adapt to contemporary social transformations while simultaneously also contributing to the morphogenesis of their society. The underlying concern herein is not only to what extent reflexive capacities contribute to more successful and empowered individuals but whether they are also linked to the emergence of a more cohesive and sustainable society.

Young people are called to be the future pillars of society. In a world moving so fast that we can hardly detect all the transformations underpinning our everyday reality, they are assumed to be the most capable of keeping pace with the compression of space...

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