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Canadian Political, Social and Historical (Re)visions in 20th and 21st Century

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Edited By Marcin Gabryś, Magdalena Marczuk-Karbownik and Magdalena Paluszkiewicz-Misiaczek

Canada trying to bring together Indigenous peoples, "two solitudes" of the French and the British, as well as a variety of poly-ethnic immigrants has mastered search for consensus and compromise as the best response to national, regional, political and ethnic tensions. This book examines how the evolution of various ideas, schemes, projects, proposals and objectives influenced the Canadian political and social present. It analyses how far Canada was able to realize its initial visions and to what extent it was forced to rework and reform them. It takes into account both the ideas which have actually been implemented and the ones which never progressed beyond the conceptual sphere, yet are important from historical perspective.

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The Provinces and Canadian Immigration Policy. Evolution and Trends: (Iwona Wrońska)

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Iwona Wrońska

The Provinces and Canadian Immigration Policy. Evolution and Trends

Abstract: From the very beginning, immigration has been central to Canadian development and fundamental to Canadian nationhood. Over the years, the Canadian authorities have managed to implement a successful system of immigration management which has been praised internationally. This system is primarily based on the federal jurisdiction.

This chapter demonstrates that although the federal government has been the main driving force in shaping Canadian immigration policy for years, since the 1990s, the provincial and territorial governments have acknowledged the impact of immigration on their local economies. The provinces and territories have entered into competition for highly skilled economic class immigrants by designing and managing their own immigration programs.

Keywords: Canada, provinces, immigration

Introduction

In the years since 1867, immigration has been central to Canadian development and fundamental to Canadian nationhood. Over the years the Canadian authorities have succeeded in implementing an immigration management system which has been praised internationally. Although constitutional responsibility for immigration is shared between the federal and provincial governments the federal government has dominated this policy area.

As of July 1, 2019, Canada’s population was estimated at 37,589,262, an increase of 531,497 in comparison with July 1, 2018. The population grew by 1.4 % and this was the highest growth among the G7 countries. This increase was driven mainly by the influx of 425,000 immigrants and non-permanent...

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