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Canadian Political, Social and Historical (Re)visions in 20th and 21st Century


Edited By Marcin Gabryś, Magdalena Marczuk-Karbownik and Magdalena Paluszkiewicz-Misiaczek

Canada trying to bring together Indigenous peoples, "two solitudes" of the French and the British, as well as a variety of poly-ethnic immigrants has mastered search for consensus and compromise as the best response to national, regional, political and ethnic tensions. This book examines how the evolution of various ideas, schemes, projects, proposals and objectives influenced the Canadian political and social present. It analyses how far Canada was able to realize its initial visions and to what extent it was forced to rework and reform them. It takes into account both the ideas which have actually been implemented and the ones which never progressed beyond the conceptual sphere, yet are important from historical perspective.

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Remarkable and Unexpected Returns from Canada to Poland: (Anna Reczyńska)


Anna Reczyńska

Remarkable and Unexpected Returns from Canada to Poland

Abstract: This chapter presents four noteworthy cases of people who returned from Canada to Poland in the Stalinist era: Fred Rose (Canadian politician, trade union activist, Member of Canadian Parliament convicted of espionage for the Soviet Union), Leopold Infeld (professor at Toronto University, an outstanding physicist and an associate of Albert Einstein), David Shugar (researcher in the field of biophysics and biochemistry) and Alfred Morski (Polish activist of radical groups, most likely associated with the international communist movement). Everyone knew each other, although it is difficult to assess their mutual relationships. Their interesting biographies were connected by a deep ideological and political commitment to their extreme left-wing views and pro-Soviet attitudes. One can only speculate whether those returns to Poland were organized or somehow controlled by Polish or Soviet intelligence. Three of the four characters described here were of Jewish origin, and although none of them were associated with the traditional Jewish community, it was certainly a factor that influenced their position in Canada, their radical views, pro-Soviet sympathies and therefore shaped their life choices, both in Canada and in Poland.

Keywords: Leopold Infeld, Fred Rose, Alfred Morski, Gouzenko Affair, communist in Canada, returns from Canada


Studies of migration flows between Poland and Canada focus on emigration to Canada. They mainly present problems concerning the conditions of departure, Canadian immigration policy and the adaptation of Polish immigrants to...

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