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The Empire. Between dispute and nostalgia

Edited By Emanuel Plopeanu, Gabriel Stelian Manea and Metin Omer

The book examines how different imperial models of diplomacy, administration, economics, and cultural and religious policies were challenged or, on the contrary, defended during and after the collapse of the Empires that promoted them. It provides an overview from multiple perspectives of the imperial phenomenon in all its dimensions, and the studies published in this volume address broad chronological segments and geographical areas relevant to the imperial idea.

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From Allies to the Undesirable: The Refuge of the Crimean Tatars to Romania During World War Two

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Metin Omer*

From Allies to the Undesirable

The Refuge of the Crimean Tatars to Romania During World War Two

Abstract: The establishment of the Popular Republic of Crimea for a short time at the end of 1917 represents the culmination of the Tatar national movement. After its liquidation by the Soviet armies during the interwar period, Romania was the centre for all the undertakings meant to rebuild the Republic. Taking into consideration the attitude of the politicians from Bucharest towards USSR, the Tatars from Romania developed different anti-Soviet activities, which were resuscitated by the beginning of World War Two. Taking advantage of the beginning of the Romanian-German offensive against USSR, the Tatar leaders from Romania tried to commence a series of initiatives to obtain control over Crimea. Although the Romanian-German authorities had their reservations regarding these undertakings, they decided to use the Tatars to secure the administration of the occupied peninsula.

The Tatars’ situation changed when the retreat of the Romanian-German armies from Crimea took place. Fearing the Soviet retaliation, quite a few of the Crimean Tatars chose to escape to Romania, benefiting from the support of the Romanian officials as well. The Tatars from Romania welcomed and helped them to find accommodation. The situation on August 23rd, 1944, and, later, the establishment of the communist regime in Romania in 1947 negatively influenced the situation of the Crimean Tatar refugees. Following the Soviet pressure, the communist authorities did...

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