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The Empire. Between dispute and nostalgia

Edited By Emanuel Plopeanu, Gabriel Stelian Manea and Metin Omer

The book examines how different imperial models of diplomacy, administration, economics, and cultural and religious policies were challenged or, on the contrary, defended during and after the collapse of the Empires that promoted them. It provides an overview from multiple perspectives of the imperial phenomenon in all its dimensions, and the studies published in this volume address broad chronological segments and geographical areas relevant to the imperial idea.

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Communist/Post-Communist Official Remembrance of the Local Involvement in the Holocaust: A Comparison Between Poland and Romania



Abstract: After the 2015 presidential and parliamentary elections, Poland has returned to a narrative, reminiscent of the Communist period, which denies involvement of Poles in the killing of Jews during World War II. Internationally renowned historians, such as Jan Tomasz Gross, have faced intimidation and threats of prosecution for their views on this topic. Romania, on the other hand, had come to an academic and political consensus on the local involvement in the Shoah in 2004, when the Final Report of the Elie Wiesel Commission on the Holocaust in Romania was issued. This chapter analyses similarities and differences between the Holocaust in Romania and Poland, describes Communist/post-Communist whitewashing narratives in the two countries, the context in which the Final Report was issued, and examines whether the Romanian dealing with official acknowledgement of local participation could offer a more predictable and safe way forward for Poland on this matter.

Keywords: Holocaust, contemporary politics in Poland and Romania, communist/post-communist remembrance of the Holocaust, The Elie Wiesel Commission

In the immediate post-Communist years, when Romania was struggling with a harsh transition to capitalism and democracy, I used to look with great esteem at Poland. As many other Romanian young intellectuals I regarded at the time Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic as being several steps ahead of Romania in terms of their closeness to Western values and prosperity. We believed that the ←265 | 266→difference was due to the different types of Communism implemented in these...

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