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Rule of Law und institutioneller Wandel: Vertragsstabilität und Vertragsdurchsetzung in Osteuropa

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Edited By Herbert Küpper and Friedrich-Christian Schroeder

Die Beiträge in diesem Band bilden den juristischen Teil des interdisziplinären rechts- und wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Forschungsprojekts „Offenheit und institutioneller Wandel: Das Beispiel der Rule of Law". Das Buch untersucht die Wechselwirkung von außenwirtschaftlicher Öffnung und Liberalisierung im Vertragsrecht anhand des Umbruchs in Osteuropa. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes sind Länderstudien einerseits zu der Öffnung des außenwirtschaftlichen Vertragsrechts als dem Weltmarkt besonders ausgesetzter Regelungsmaterie. Andererseits untersuchen sie als Gegenprobe den Wandel im Arbeitsvertragsrecht, denn der Arbeitsvertrag ist auch in marktwirtschaftlichen Systemen ein besonders stark regulierter Vertragstyp.

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5 The New Science of Political Philosophy

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From the consideration of the nature of consciousness and the philosophy of history already discussed, we would like to design a possible vision of philosophical anthropology as it emerges from the writings of Voegelin. The anthropological perspective helps us to comprehend a broad spectrum of Voegelin’s political philosophy. Considering some basic principles of philosophical anthropology will provide a better context for our reflection on the science of history, politics and religion. Voegelin did not develop his own systematic vision of anthropology, but rather drew on important contributions of classical thinkers. His originality was rather in developing a vision of reality based on the philosophy of history and the philosophy of consciousness. This shaped his anthropological comprehension of an individual, as well as society, as in quest for the social and political ordering of reality. There are no specific texts published by Voegelin that deal with the problem of philosophical anthropology directly.1 There are, however, several early texts that are fundamental for understanding Voegelin’s vision of man and his place in the society in the light of his relationship to transcendence. In a very important but controversial text titled The New Science of Politics (1952) Voegelin has set his anthropological vision of man in the light of political philosophy. There were two other texts which, in the context of political philosophy, contributed to this vision, namely Die politischen Religionen (1938) and Science, Politics, and Gnosticism (1968).2 Our methodological focus regards especially Anamnesis: Zur Theorie der Geschichte und Politik...

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