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Scientific Researches in Health Sciences II

Edited By Fatma Eti Aslan, Gökay Kurtulan and Hayat Yalın

After the COVID pandemic in 2020, the importance of health services was once again understood by the whole world. Scientific research in the field of health services contributes greatly to the development of health services.

In this book, there are a total of 26 chapters in 4 different scientific fields: 6 in nutrition and dietetics, 11 in nursing, 6 in physiotherapy and rehabilitation and 3 in health management.

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Yonca Sevim


Recreational Athletes’ Food Choices


Objective: There are many factors that affect a person’s food choices. Recreational athletes (Rec), which are a special group, do sports for different purposes and in environment than professional athletes do. The aim of this study is to determine the factors affecting the food choices of this group, considering the different conditions and physical and individual differences than professional athletes.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on a total of 184 volunteer rec-athletes, 94 men and 90 women, aged 18-56, who do sports in private fitness centers. A questionnaire containing sociodemographic information, recreational objectives, pre-post training and general food preferences, and Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) were administered to the participants.

Results: In this study, it was found that the most motivational participation in sports of recreational athletes was to relieve stress and then to increase body muscle mass and the feeling of well-being. Rec-athletes stated that they preferred foods rich in carbohydrates before exercise (p<0.01), while they preferred foods rich in protein and water content after exercise (p<0.01). The first 3 items with the highest average in the FCQ scoring were found as “Keeps me healthy” (mean 3.34±0.87), “Contains a lot of vitamins and minerals” (mean 3.16±0.95) and “Tastes good” (mean 3.12±0.97). Rec-athletes gave importance to health, natural content, and convenience factor in their food choices, respectively. When the participants were asked about their food choice, apart...

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