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Samuel–Kings

A Hypertextual Commentary

Series:

Bartosz Adamczewski

The book demonstrates that the books of Samuel–Kings, taken together, are a result of one, highly creative, hypertextual reworking of the book of Deuteronomy. This detailed reworking consists of almost 2000 strictly sequentially organized, conceptual, and at times, also linguistic correspondences between Samuel–Kings and Deuteronomy. The strictly sequential, hypertextual dependence on Deuteronomy explains numerous surprising features of Samuel–Kings. The critical analysis of Samuel–Kings as a coherently composed Judaean hypertextual work disproves the hypothesis of the existence of the Deuteronomistic history and its variants. It also sheds entirely new light on the question of the origin of the so-called Enneateuch Genesis–Kings.

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Chapter 4. Second Kings as a sequential hypertextual reworking of Deut 27:26–34:12

Extract

The contents of the second book of Kings sequentially, in a hypertextual way illustrate the contents of Deut 27:26–34:12.

The section 2 Kgs 1–5 sequentially illustrates the main ideas of the corresponding section Deut 27:26–28:22.

The opening, somewhat surprisingly introduced idea of two calamities, namely, (a) Moab rebelling against Israel (cf. 2 Kgs 3:5) and Ahaziah unexpectedly falling down through the grid of (b) his upper room (2 Kgs 1:1–2; esp. 1:2)1 sequentially illustrates the opening Deuteronomic idea of (a) cursed being the one who (b) does not put up (Deut 27:26ab).

The subsequent idea of the angel of Yahweh speaking (דבר) to Elijah, and Elijah speaking (דבר) these words (את־*דברי*) to the king of Samaria (2 Kgs 1:3–7; esp. 1:3.6–7) conceptually and linguistically illustrates the subsequent Deuteronomic idea of the words (Deut 27:26b).

The subsequent, somewhat surprising idea of Elijah having the appearance of a man of wilderness (2 Kgs 1:8; cf. Gen 3:21: עור); the Israelites, like at Mount Horeb, being grouped in fifties and having over them leaders of fifties (2 Kgs 1:9–14; cf. Deut 1:15: שר* חמשים); Elijah remaining, like Moses on Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain (2 Kgs 1:9; cf. Deut 9:9: ישב; Exod 34:2: על־ראש ההר); and a consuming fire, like on Mount Sinai, coming down from heaven (2 Kgs 1:8–14; esp. 1:10.12.14;...

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