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Philology and Aesthetics

Figurative Masorah in Western European Manuscripts


Edited By Hanna Liss

European Bible manuscripts and their Masorah traditions are still a neglected field of studies and have so far been almost completely disregarded within text-critical research. This volume collects research on the Western European Masorah and addresses the question of how Ashkenazic scholars integrated the Oriental Masoretic tradition into the Western European Rabbinic lore and law. The articles address philological and art-historical topics, and present new methodological tools from the field of digital humanities for the analysis of masora figurata. This volume is intended to initiate a new approach to Masorah research that will shed new light on the European history of the masoretic Bible and its interpretation.

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The Okhla Lists in MS Berlin Or. Fol. 1213 (Erfurt 3) (Sebastian Seemann)


Sebastian Seemann

Heidelberg Center for Jewish Studies

The Okhla Lists in MS Berlin Or. Fol. 1213 (Erfurt 3)

Abstract: Sefer Okhla we-Okhla is a medieval Masoretic work, which consists of different lists of rare words or of peculiarities of the text of the Hebrew Bible. The author of this work is unknown, but already in the 10th century it is mentioned by Ibn Jannah exactly under this name. To this date only two recensions of Sefer Okhla we-Okhla exist: MS Paris Hébreu 148 and MS Halle Yb 10. 4Q. This MSS are written in France (Tsarfat) or Germany (Ashkenaz) but do not contain any colophones, however they are dated back to 12th to 14th century. On the other side exist old masoretical bibles their Masorah Magna contains many lists which are part of Sefer Okhla we-Okhla. One of those is MS Berlin or.fol.1213 / Erfurt 3, dated approximately 1100. The paper presents the Okhla lists of this MS and compares some examples with MS Paris Hébreu 148 and MS Halle Yb 10. 4Q.

Keywords: Sefer Okhla we-Okhla, Masoretic works, Editions, Solomon Frensdorff, Hermann Hupfeld, Fernando Díaz Esteban, Bruno Ognibeni, Bible manuscripts, Erfurt 3, Description of the Manuscript, Script, Colophones, Small and Large Masorah, Linear and micrographic Masorah, Masran, Naqdan.

The beginning of modern research on Masorah is closely linked to the discovery of Sefer Okhla we-Okhla (Hebr. ספר אָכְלָה וְאָכְלָה). In 1864, Solomon Frensdorff edited a manuscript from the national...

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