Edited By A.Nejat Töngür and Yıldıray Çevik
Studies on the distinguished works of English and American literature of various genres like poetry, plays and fiction are included in this book focusing on and around the central themes of “Marginalisation, Discrimination, Isolation, and Existence.” The aim of the book is to investigate the issues of “Marginalisation, Discrimination, Isolation, and Existence” within the frameworks of gender, colonization, multiculturalism, religion, race, generation gap, politics, technology, immigration, and class.
III: GARDEN AS A POST-ANTHROPOCENTRIC SPONTANEITY IN AUDEN’S “THEIR LONELY BETTERS:” AN ECOPSYCHOLOGICAL READING (Nurten BİRLİK and Merve GÜNDAY)
Nurten BİRLİK and Merve GÜNDAY
Abstract: Gardens and what they stand for are characterised by rich resonances which vary in accordance with whether they are created for aesthetic, pragmatic or psychic reasons. This paper aims to explore the fluid psychodynamics that are activated by the garden in its mirror-like existence. Garden might function as the metonymic extension of the psychodynamics of the individuals that create it as it has the potential to convert the space of the symbolic to an unmapped space of the imaginary in Lacanian terms. As there is no linearity in garden which embodies a compression of past, present and future, and which speaks through the images outside the limits of the symbolic, it has the potential to metamorphose into a psychic space of jouissance. As a result, it turns into an eco/heterotopia of deviation in which the individual rehomes oneself in an ontological site beyond the linearity of the symbolic. This chapter aims to concretise the idea of the garden as a psychic space with references to Auden’s poem, “Their Lonely Betters.” In this poem, the garden is reflected as an extralinguistic space of jouissance as in its non-linear imagistic space. The speaker looks, from his garden, at human culture with the critical eyes of an outsider and locates himself on the side of the non-humans. He voices the unvoiced of culture and reverses the hierarchy between the binary oppositions; between the elements of the imaginary and the symbolic. In the...
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