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Die Quellen der Philosophie und Phänomenologie der Religion- Sources of the Philosophy and Phenomenology of Religion

Überlegungen zu Rudolf Ottos "Das Heilige</I> - Considerations on Rudolf Otto’s "The Holy</I>

Edited By Dominika Jacyk-Manikowska

Das Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die Zusammenstellung der Quellen der Philosophie und Phänomenologie der Religion in der Perspektive einiger auf Ottos Das Heilige gerichteten Überlegungen. Unter dem Gesichtspunkt der neuen Religionserfahrungsanalysen lenken diese Erwägungen die Aufmerksamkeit auf die Genese der aktuell herrschenden Tendenzen in der Religionsphilosophie und charakterisieren die Einwirkungen von Das Heilige.
The aim of this work is to outline the sources of philosophy and phenomenology of religion in the perspective of several discussions focused on Rudolf Otto’s The Holy. Taking into account the new methods of analyzing religious experience these deliberations concern the genesis of contemporary tendencies predominating in the philosophy of religion and also describe the influence of The Holy.

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Introduction15

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15 Introduction 1 The philosophy of religion is a philosophical discipline investigating what religion is and why it exists.1 The discipline is also concerned with answering the question about the ultimate source of religion, the justification of its claims and the role it plays in human life and cul- ture. The philosophy of religion emerged as a separate discipline in the 18th century in connection with the problem of the natural religion and its proper and rapid development occurred after Immanuel Kant challenged traditional metaphysics and also after eliminating the sub- ject of God from the field of rational studies (rationale Forschungen) by moving Him to the field of practical philosophy. In his Religions- philosophie (1983) Richard Schaeffler shows five main directions in the philosophy of religion. They are: [1] Philosophy of religion as a criticism of “pre-rational consciousness” (das vorrationelle Bewusst- sein), [2] Philosophy of religion as a transformation of religion into philosophy, [3] Philosophy of religion based on philosophical theolo- gy, [4] Philosophy of religion as the phenomenology of religion, and [5] Philosophy of religion as the analysis of religious language. It is known today that new ways of analyzing religious experience and re- ligion itself are being developed. We can mention here such methods as dialogic, personalistic, existentialist, or – as a novelty from the end of 20th century – postmodernism or deconstructionism. 1 For the introduction I used: Keller Józef, Rudolf Otto i jego filozofia religii, [in:] Otto Rudolf, Świętość. Elementy irracjonalne w pojęciu b...

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