Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des institutionellen Schutzes dieser Rechte
165 The Protection of Fundamental Rights in the Legal Order of the European Union, with emphasis on the institutional protection of those rights Summary The present study intends to make a contribution to the doctrine of the protection of fundamental rights in the European Union and, in doing so, particular empha- sis is placed on the issues concerning the institutional (judicial) legal protection. The study proceeds from an introductory presentation of the general impor- tance of international fundamental rights in today’s world, in which an alarming increase in intolerance, persecution and violence causes the political conflicts in vast regions of the world (Chapter 1). In Chapter 2, the study addresses the deficit of comprehensive guarantees of fundamental rights in the written European Community or European Union Law. As is well-known, the protection of fundamental rights of the individual is strongly enshrined in the constitutional orders of the EU Member States, as well as in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Free- doms of 4.11.1950 (European Convention on Human Rights, ECHR), to which all the EU Member States belong. On the other hand, till the adoption of the Euro- pean Charter of Fundamental Rights on 7.12.2000, the EC/EU did not have any comprehensive catalogue of fundamental rights as such, which would have been comparable to the fundamental rights component of a democratic constitution under the rule of law. Moreover, neither the Community nor the Union is a con- tracting party to the ECHR. The Union Treaty (Maastricht...
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