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Towards the World Culture Society

Florian Znaniecki’s Culturalism

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Elzbieta Halas

If the new cultural sociology is to gain firm grounds, it should rediscover the classic studies on cultural dynamics and cultural systems. This book contributes to a better understanding of Florian Znaniecki as an eminent culturologist and the lasting relevance of his theory of cultural becoming. Znaniecki opted for a humanistic approach that he called culturalism. Culturalism, founded on the principle of the humanistic coefficient, is applied also to the cultural person. The concept of social values makes this cultural approach an original one. The cultural logic and cultural ethos of Znaniecki’s thought is inherent in the very principle of a creative evolution of culture, augmenting his vision of a new civilization of the future and a world culture society.

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Contents

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6The Historical Relativity of World-Views / 54 The Elimination of the Nature – Culture Dualism / 54 Data of Culture as Values / 54 The Humanistic CoeYcient of Sociological Order / 55 The Concept of the Humanistic CoeYcient / 55 Sociological Order / 57 Cognitive Ideals / 58 ‘The Intensional’ Criterion / 59 Analytic Induction / 59 The Basic Methodological Code / 61 Conclusion: The Ethos of Sociology / 63 4 Semiotic Interpretation of the Humanistic CoeYcient / 65 The Basic Question / 65 Psychological Interpretation / 66 Ways of Reception / 66 Critique of the Psychologistical Interpretation / 68 ‘Attitude’ as an Expression of Ambivalence / 69 Analysis of the Concept / 71 ‘Experience’ and ‘Action’ / 71 ‘Value’ and the ‘Humanistic CoeYcient’ / 74 Methodological Consequences / 77 Semiotic Formulation of a Social Fact / 77 The Peculiarity of the Sources of Knowledge and Research Procedures / 79 Conclusion / 82 5 An Unrecognized Forerunner of Symbolic Interactionism / 83 Preliminary Arguments / 85 Philosophical Sources / 85 Connections with the Recognized Founders of Symbolic Interactionism / 86 Towards an Analytical and Dynamic Sociological Theory / 86 Frame of Reference: The Basic Ideas of Symbolic Interactionism / 88 Meaning / 88 Man / 89 Action / 90 Interaction / 90 Florian Znaniecki’s Concept of Symbolic Interaction / 90 7Meaning / 90 Man / 93 Action / 94 Interaction / 95 Conclusion / 96 6 ‘Definition of the Situation’ and the Interpretative Paradigm of Sociology / 99 Some Remarks...

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