Global Ambitions and Decline- Emergence of the Interregional Asian Triangle and the Relegation of the US as a Hegemonic Power. The Reorientation of Europe
2. A new theoretical approach 13
2. A new theoretical approach 2.1. Introduction Keeping in mind that we do not have direct access to reality, and that we rely on the large number of discourses at hand, hegemony primarily raises the question about the mechanism that makes hegemony feasible before we enter the sphere of real politics and the behavior of states. Usually, awareness of new aspects in relations between nations and regions leads to an evaluation of existing theories. In scholarly discourse, the new phenomenon results in a new term which will thereafter be included among the already existing set of approaches which may, for instance, encompass the following: collective security, complex interdependence, globalization, global governance, informal hegemony, trans-nationalism, two-world order, terrorism etc. With respect to its applicability to perceivable phenomena, each clear-cut model has to show the limits of its validity and exclude the area beyond these limits as a less defined or even non-defined entity, which is partly or completely to be ignored but which may, nevertheless, have an as yet unknown impact on the validity of the model. 2.2. The difference between empire and hegemony In the relationship of global powers the model of empire rules out a hegemonic world order and the latter dismisses a global interplay of equal powers. For Stephen Rosen an “empire is the rule exercised by one nation over others both to regulate their external behavior and to ensure minimally acceptable forms of internal behavior within the subordinate states” (Rosen, Stephen Peter, 2003”, “An Empire, If You...
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