Global Ambitions and Decline- Emergence of the Interregional Asian Triangle and the Relegation of the US as a Hegemonic Power. The Reorientation of Europe
14. Notes and Reference 103
103 14. Notes and References 1. Following the withdrawal of the French in 1955, South Vietnam increasingly turned to the USA, with North Vietnam thereupon leaning more towards the Soviet Union. This only served to further aggravate the historically precarious relationship between the Vietnamese and China (given that Vietnam had in former times either partly belonged to China or come under strong Chinese influence, or even been occupied by Chinese troops). The greater the success gained by North Vietnam in overcoming the partition of the country by infiltrating the South, the lesser China’s interest in continuing to allow Soviet arms supplies to pass through Chinese territory en route to North Vietnam (initially Chinese interest was largely confined to lifting military technology to upgrade the inferior military goods that the Soviets supplied to China - as against India - or to replace them with indigenous production). At the same time, the Chinese leadership sought to demonstrate to the US that it could not win guerrilla wars merely with state-of-the-art weaponry. From the Chinese strategic perspective, Vietnam should ideally remain partitioned, though US influence on South Vietnam should wane and be replaced by Chinese influence. China temporarily confined itself to the neutralization of South Vietnam but, ultimately, even back then, it regarded the entire South China Sea as being part of the Chinese zone of influence. 2. By participating, Great Britain and France signaled that they considered their – in the meantime – high degree of dependence on the USA (Suez Canal reversal, 1956)...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.