Is the EU a New Planet?
Section II 57
57 Section II Customs Union with Turkey 1. Objective of the Paper Objectives of the EU are to increase the essential welfare level of the population of the continent and to enlarge the EU integration area in order to create and safeguard the Union through economic opportunities and political instruments. In addition, the International Competitive pressure from globalization forces the individual countries and regional blocks to make more long term regional agreements and international cooperation. The above mentioned compelling global pressure is bringing the EU and Turkey closer each other. For the purpose of cooperation, the two sides have been undertaking a gradual convergence process since 1963. The result of this process was the agreement on the formation of a Customs Union in December 1995. This can be viewed as important economic step for this convergence process. Because of importance of this consequential process, „the customs union with Turkey" will be analyzed in detail. In this paper, there is an analytical view of international cooperation, especially and in spirit of these efforts, the concrete improvements between EU and Turkey. The appendix provides the facts of the Turkey. 2. Concept of Customs Union A Customs Union is a union of states, which share a common customs area. However, the word "Union" is an ambiguous term. Customs union partners cannot be defined as integrated countries. There is not a standard type of custom union. A customs union may be built according different forms and for different legal reasons. According to Viner, a...
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