Proceedings of the Xth Conference, Helsinki 2008
Edited By Martti Vainio, Reijo Aulanko and Olli Aaltonen
4. Prosody of discontinuous noun phrases in Finnish 37
PROSODY OF DISCONTINUOUS NOUN PHRASES IN FINNISH Anja Arnhold 1 Introduction This paper investigates a special aspect of Finnish intonation, namely the prosodic realisation of discontinuous noun phrases (DNPs). In these constructions, a noun phrase is separated into two (or more) parts, a phenomenon that is observed in many languages (for an overview see Fanselow and Féry, in prep.; DNPs in Finnish have been mentioned by e.g. Penttilä, 1963; Vilkuna, 1989; and Sulkala and Karjalainen, 1992). DNPs can be classified into two groups from a syntactic and from a prosodic point of view, respectively. These categorisations are relevant for the work presented here and will thus be introduced shortly in the following. When the parts of an NP are separated, their order can remain the same as in the corresponding continuous noun phrase or it can be changed. Fanselow and avar (2002) introduce a terminological distinction along these lines, classifying DNPs as simple and inverted ones. In a simple DNP, the order of the parts is the same as in the corresponding continuous noun phrase, whereas the order is changed in an inverted DNP, as illustrated for Finnish in (1)–(3). In the discon- tinuous versions, the noun appears in plural. The same morphological adjustment from singular to plural can e.g. be found in Lak and Nogai, two languages spoken in the Caucasus (Kazenin, to appear; see also Fanselow and Féry, in prep., on morphological adjustment in other languages). (1) Continuous noun phrase Maija osti neljä mela-a. M....
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