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Privatisierung des kommunalen Forderungsmanagements

Rechtsfragen und wirtschaftliche Ausgestaltung unter Anwendung der Transaktionskostentheorie

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Steffen Kroschwald

Die finanzielle Notlage öffentlicher Kassen zwingt viele Städte und Gemeinden neue Konzepte zur Haushaltskonsolidierung zu entwickeln. Hierzu soll nicht nur gespart, sondern auch die Einnahmenseite stimuliert werden – z. B. durch verstärkte Beitreibung offener Forderungen der Kommunen. Neben den öffentlichen Stellen bieten sich vermehrt auch private Dienstleister für diese Aufgabe an. Die Privatisierung des kommunalen Forderungsmanagements stellt die Beteiligten jedoch vor vielfältige Herausforderungen. Diese Arbeit zeigt verfassungs-, verwaltungs- und datenschutzrechtliche Hürden und Potentiale auf. Durch Anwendung der Transaktionskostentheorie sollen die gewonnenen Erkenntnisse zu einer effektiven und rechtssicheren Ausgestaltung solcher öffentlich-privater Kooperationen führen.

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6 Abstract 103

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103 6 Abstract A growing number of municipalities and cities have to find new ways to con- solidate their budget, either by saving money or by generating new or more revenue. One of the considered measures is to intensify the collection of taxes and other municipal charges and fees. Another widely discussed possibility is the privatization of public responsi- bilities. “Public-private partnerships” can already be found in fields of public building or investment. Recently, politicians as well as social and legal scientists have discussed the benefits of “going-private” for other official duties – e.g. prisons, operated by private enterprise companies. Therefore it is not surprising that municipal authorities consider to authorize private enterprise companies to also execute their collection management. The privatization of the entire or parts of the municipal collection management brings up operational as well as legal challenges. This study analyzes German constitutional, administrative and data privacy laws with regard to legal poten- tials and legal limits of such privatization projects. By applying the theory of transaction costs, the results of this paper shall help municipal authorities as well as collection companies to arrange an economically and legally effective public- private partnership. The legal analysis in this paper can prove that neither constitutional nor ad- ministrative legal regulations of German states and cities involve major conflicts to privatization projects. In fact, as long as private enterprise companies comply with the requirements of the German “Verwaltungshilfe” (administrative assis- tance), they may be authorized to perform at least parts of the...

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