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«He of Whom It Is Written»

John the Baptist and Elijah in Luke

Series:

Jaroslav Rindos

Scholarly discussion concerning Elijah in Luke is affected mainly by the detection of the many allusions to Elijah in connection with Jesus and, at the same time, by noting the absence of some associations of Elijah with John the Baptist familiar from the Gospel according to Mark. This twofold observation has brought many scholars to rethink whether or not Luke continues to present John as the Elijah who was to come. In Luke’s perspective, John is the Elijah promised by Malachi acting «in the spirit and power» of the Elijah of old. Luke, furthermore, agrees with Malachi that the promised messenger prepares for «the Lord». These and several other claims concerning the theme are proposed to the reader as the fruit both of the scholarly discussion and of an analysis of the appropriate Lucan texts in this monograph.

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Table of Contents

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Preface ................................................................................................................... 5 Introduction ......................................................................................................... 13 Theme .............................................................................................................. 13 Status Quaestionis ........................................................................................... 14 The Elijah Echoes in Luke .......................................................................... 14 Overview of Opinions Concerning the John-Elijah Association ................ 16 What Do We Learn from the Overview? .................................................... 27 The Role of the Promised Elijah Not Attributed to John ........................ 28 The Role of the Promised Elijah Attributed to John ............................... 29 Strategy and Methodological Implications ..................................................... 31 The Term «the Promised Elijah» - the Happiest One ................................. 31 The Need to Evaluate the John-Elijah Association in Luke’s Terms ......... 32 Basic Approach and Supposition in Dealing with Luke’s Text .................. 34 Method ......................................................................................................... 35 Chapter I: The Origins of John the Baptist (Luke 1,5-25) .................................. 39 Preliminary Remarks Concerning Luke 1,5-25 .............................................. 39 Context and Delimitation of the Unit .......................................................... 39 Inner Articulation of the Unit ...................................................................... 40 Textual Problem in Luke 1,17 ..................................................................... 40 Detailed Analysis with the Focus on the Angel’s Message ............................ 40 Exposition: Characters, Problem (Luke 1,5-7) ........................................... 40 Zechariah and Elizabeth .......................................................................... 40 Barrenness ............................................................................................... 42 1) The Barrenness of Elizabeth ........................................................... 42 2) The Barrenness of Abraham’s Wife Sarah Recalled ...................... 43 3) The Barrenness of Elkanah’s Wife Hannah Recalled .................... 44 Zechariah Chosen to Offer Incense (Luke 1,8-9) ....................................... 45 The Multitude Prays at the Hour of Incense (Luke 1,10) ........................... 46 The Appearance of an Angel (Luke 1,11-12) ............................................. 46 The Message (Luke 1,13-17) ...................................................................... 48 A Supplication Heard (Luke 1,13a-c) ..................................................... 48 A Son, John, Will be Born (Luke 1,13d) ................................................ 49 Joy Promised at John’s Birth (Luke 1,14) ............................................... 49 Characterization of John (Luke 1,15-17) ................................................ 50 1) «Great before the Lord...

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