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«He of Whom It Is Written»

John the Baptist and Elijah in Luke


Jaroslav Rindos

Scholarly discussion concerning Elijah in Luke is affected mainly by the detection of the many allusions to Elijah in connection with Jesus and, at the same time, by noting the absence of some associations of Elijah with John the Baptist familiar from the Gospel according to Mark. This twofold observation has brought many scholars to rethink whether or not Luke continues to present John as the Elijah who was to come. In Luke’s perspective, John is the Elijah promised by Malachi acting «in the spirit and power» of the Elijah of old. Luke, furthermore, agrees with Malachi that the promised messenger prepares for «the Lord». These and several other claims concerning the theme are proposed to the reader as the fruit both of the scholarly discussion and of an analysis of the appropriate Lucan texts in this monograph.


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General Conclusion 231


General Conclusion The General Conclusion to this work is essentially a recapitulation of its last chapter (chapt. V), which synthesises the results of the analysis of Luke’s texts done in the former four chapters of the work - in consideration of the main is- sues of the Status Quaestionis. 1. In the Gospel according to Luke, John the Baptist is depicted in the role of the promised Elijah. (pp. 193-195) He is both compared to the Elijah of old (Luke 1,17, cf. pp. 61-63; Luke 3,2.19, cf. pp. 105-109, 149-150) who is the basis of hope for the promised Elijah and is identified with the latter (Luke 1,17.76, cf. pp. 63-67, 85; Luke 7,27, cf. pp. 177-182). 2. The Elijah-Jesus association does not attenuate the Elijah-John one in Luke’s work. (pp. 195-197) While both John and Jesus are typologically compared to the Elijah of old, the former is also directly and exclusively identified with the promised Elijah (Luke 7,27, cf. pp. 177-182). No such definition is made concerning Jesus and when he is described using allusions to the Elijah of old (Luke 7,11-17 and 12,49), he is defined as «the Lord» by the evangelist (Luke 7,13; 12,42, cf. pp. 168-171, 141). 3. The absence in Luke’s work of the implicit reference to the clothing of the Elijah of old (2Kgs 1,8) that is found in Mark 1,6 (and Matt 3,4), and of the say- ing which states the...

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