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«He of Whom It Is Written»

John the Baptist and Elijah in Luke


Jaroslav Rindos

Scholarly discussion concerning Elijah in Luke is affected mainly by the detection of the many allusions to Elijah in connection with Jesus and, at the same time, by noting the absence of some associations of Elijah with John the Baptist familiar from the Gospel according to Mark. This twofold observation has brought many scholars to rethink whether or not Luke continues to present John as the Elijah who was to come. In Luke’s perspective, John is the Elijah promised by Malachi acting «in the spirit and power» of the Elijah of old. Luke, furthermore, agrees with Malachi that the promised messenger prepares for «the Lord». These and several other claims concerning the theme are proposed to the reader as the fruit both of the scholarly discussion and of an analysis of the appropriate Lucan texts in this monograph.


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Abbreviations 235


Abbreviations § paragraph * the reading of the first copyist in a biblical manuscript 1071 the Greek minuscule, XII century 1346 the Greek minuscule, X-XI centuries 1-2Cor 1-2 Corinthians 1En 1(Ethiopic) Enoch 1QH Hôdyôt (Thanksgiving Hymns) from Qumran Cave 1 1QM Milhamah (War Scroll) from Qumran Cave 1 1QS Serek hay-Yahad (Rule of the Community) from Qumran Cave 1 1QpHab Pesher on Habakkuk from Qumran Cave 1 33 the minuscule, IX century 4QapMos = 4Q375-377 4QApocMess = 4Q521 4QFlor = 4Q174 4QpIsaa-e = 4Q161-165 4QTestim = 4Q175 4Q161-165 Pesher on Isaiah from Qumran Cave 4 4Q174 Florilegium from Qumran Cave 4 4Q175 Testimonia from Qumran Cave 4 4Q328 Calendarical Document Fa from Qumran Cave 4 4Q329 Calendarical Document Fb from Qumran Cave 4 4Q329a Calendarical Document G from Qumran Cave 4 4Q375-377 Apocryphal Moses Text from Qumran Cave 4 4Q521 Messianic Apocalypse 11QMelch Melchizedek Text from Qumran Cave 11 Codex Sinaiticus, IV century Codex Coridethianus, IX century Codex Zacynthius, VI century Codex Athous Laurensis, VIII-IX centuries a Vetus Latina (Vercellensis), IV century A Codex Alexandrinus, V century Acts Acts of the Apostles A.D. Anno Domini, in the year of the Lord Adv. Marc. Tertullian, Adversus Marcionem AGJU Arbeiten zur Geschichte des antiken Judentums und des Urchris- tentums AJBI Annual of the Japanese Biblical Institute. Tokyo AnBib Analecta Biblica AncB Anchor Bible Jaroslav Rindoš 236 AncBD D.N. FREEDMAN, ed., Anchor Bible Dictionary, I-VI, New York 1992 ANRW Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt. Berlin Ant. Josephus, Antiquitates Judaicae ASeign Les Assemblées du Seigneur...

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