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Qualität von Bildung und Kultur- The Quality of Education and Culture

Theorie und Praxis - Theoretical and Practical Dimensions

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Edited By Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg

Dieser Band dokumentiert eine Reihe von Beiträgen der XVI. Internationalen wissenschaftlichen Konferenz Bildungsreform und Lehrerausbildung zum Thema Qualität von Bildung und Kultur – Theorie und Praxis, die von der Pädagogischen Universität Vilnius (VPU) und der Pädagogischen Hochschule Heidelberg gemeinsam konzipiert und veranstaltet wurde. Das Hauptthema der Konferenz war: Bildungs- und Qualitätsstandards der Hochschul- und Schulbildung: humanistische Tradition und Perspektivenwechsel im Bildungs- und Erziehungsbereich unter Berücksichtigung neuer Strukturen des Denkens und Managementstrategien im Hinblick auf die Herausforderungen der Gesellschaft des kommenden Jahrzehnts.
This volume presents contributions of the 16 th International Scientific Meeting on The Reform of Education and Teacher’s Training to the topic The Quality of Education and Culture – Theoretical and Practical Dimensions. The meeting topic was: Combination of the University and High school education: humanistic/classical tradition and change of perspectives in the field of education and schooling under consideration of new structures of the thinking and management strategies with regard to the challenges of the society of the next decade.

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Fulfilment of the Spiritual Demands of the Students of Lithuanian Universities by Cultural Values 155

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Ona Tijnlien, Marija Barkauskait Fulfilment of the Spiritual Demands of the Students of Lithuanian Universities by Cultural Values Introduction: Special mission falls on the spiritual sciences, which include his- tory and its stages (philosophy, religion, language, literature, art, law, society). They explore phenomena, which belong not to the nature, but to the historical world of human spirit. Besides science of logic, as the pure idea, already German philosopher G.W.F. Hegel (1770-1831) distinguished natural and spiritual sciences. To motivate theoretically the spiritual sciences as empirical and also as formed like historical sciences tried another German philosopher W. Dilthey (1833-1911). He showed that natural sciences explain things and processes as the repeating events, which are bound in nature by the causality laws, and the spiritual sciences try to understand historically the onetime things and events, which are bound by various notional spiritual ties. Similarly thought the German scientist H. Rick- ert (1863-1936): against natural sciences, which do not pay attention to the in- dividuality, he opposed the cultural sciences, which use the “individualising” method trying to understand what is individual, he also stressed the unique his- torical cultural importance of these sciences and their high place in the scale of values. W. Windelband (1848-1915) named some sciences as belonging to laws and the others – as the ideographical sciences of events. In the 19th cen- tury F.D. Schleiermacher actualized the problem of the breakaway of old texts from nowadays. Hermeneutics tried to solve problems on the basis and expand- ing the F.D. Schleiermacher’s...

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