A Comparative Study on the Path-Dependent Development of Technical and Vocational Education and Training for the Garment Industry
PART E: FINAL PART
PART E FINAL PART THE EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM A HISTORICAL- INSTITUTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE Parts C and D have shown that the historical trajectories of the skill formation regimes of the garment industries in Sri Lanka and Bangla- desh have developed in markedly path-dependent ways. This chapter will now condense the empirical evidence from a historical-insti- tutionalist perspective, which involves looking at both country-specific and common aspects of the historical paths of the two skill formation regimes. The first section concentrates on the institutional contexts of the skill formation regimes; first on the education and training regimes, and then on the garment production regimes. The second section pon- ders over the path-dependent development of the in-firm and of the out- of-firm skill formation regimes, and in this way, similarly to some of the empirical chapters, it follows the temporal structure defined by the cru- cial junctures in the development of the global garment industry. It will be here that, for the first time in this study, the theoretical concepts of historical institutionalism will be thoroughly applied. I will concentrate on critical junctures in the historical trajectories of the regimes and on the corresponding sequencing and timing of events. I will also point to positive feedback mechanisms and increasing returns of specific institu- tional arrangements, and will highlight the complementarities between in-firm and out-of-firm skill formation arrangements. Furthermore, I will examine (as is commonly done in the historical-institutional and in the political-economic literature more generally) the breadth of coali- tions underlying specific skill...
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