Historical and Comparative Studies
Part IV: Korea
159 11. John Ross and the Church in Korea: Bible Translation and Church Planting (1870-1900s) Chong-ku Paek (Jong-koe Paik) Early attempts to evangelize Korea started with efforts by Protestant missionaries stationed in China and Japan.1 It was their intention to extend a sphere of influence into the Korean peninsula while they were continuing their evangelistic work in their respective fields. This paper focuses on one of these missionaries, John Ross (1842-1916), who exerted great influence on the growth and formation of early Korean Protestant church. Ross was sent to China by the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland. He arrived in Chefoo in the province of Shantung in 1872. Soon he moved to Manchuria, and devoted himself to mission work in both Manchuria and Korea, where he spent a total of thirty-nine years. The present study aims to describe the evangelistic work of Ross in Manchuria and Korea. It is limited to his missionary life and mission methods, application of his mission methods to Korea, and the process of planting Korean Christian communities. An historical Approach is use to investigate the evangelistic work of Ross, interpreting all historical data related to the above topics and puts them in chronological order. Following the Introduction, this study describes the missionary life, work, and methods of Ross in Manchuria. Next it deals with the process of translating the Chinese New Testament into the Korean vernacular. Lastly it explains the process of planting Christian communities in Korea. The missionary life, work, and methods of John...
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