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(Post)transformational Migration

Inequalities, Welfare State, and Horizontal Mobility

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Edited By Marek Nowak and Michal Nowosielski

Perceived inequalities, such as the lack of a proper job or bad living conditions, can play the role of push factors that make people migrate. Apart from this, there are studies which focus more on relative deprivation, exacerbated by inequality, as a basic determinant of people’s mobility, and also some are focused on the influence of income inequality on migration. Such «structural conditions» are only a part of the story of migration, particularly because differences and inequalities are social facts, elements of the universal shape of modern open societies. Ultimately inequality, as more general departure point, can’t be merely an element of explanation, and it is important to remember that not only do «objective» social differences and the inequalities caused by them foster migration behaviour, but so do their social perceptions.

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Part IThe Problem of Welfare State, Inequalities, Migration, and Politics

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Part I The Problem of Welfare State, Inequalities, Migration, and Politics 22 Marek Nowak   Inequalities and Migration (Mainly from the Polish Perspective) 23  Marek Nowak Inequalities and Migration (Mainly from the Polish Perspective). Why Do Central and Eastern European Societies Need More Welfare States? … welfare policy arrangements and institutions exacerbate or ameliorate existing social cleav- ages and conflicts. Liberals regimes, which are characterized by market-dominated welfare pro- vision, tend to produce and reproduce class- based differences, while conservative corporatist regimes tend to create distinctions based on “insiders” and “outsiders” in the formal labor market. In contrast, social-democratic regimes tend to create distinctions by gender and sector. M. Christy Glass, Sandra Marquart-Pyatt1 Abstract: This article describes the possible correlations between inequalities and migration. A sociological interpretation is based on public data (especially Eurostat) and the scientific results of the EUREQUAL project which quantitatively investigated the problems of inequalities in 13 European post-communist countries. The compara- tive strategy provides an opportunity to show central and eastern Europe in the men- tioned context, and shows a possible way to understand why emigration is a relatively rare way of solving individual existential problems in spite of the relatively stable structural differences in quality of life, typical of this part of Europe. ________________ 1 M. Christy Glass and Sandra Marquart-Pyatt, “Welfare State Change and Atti- tudes Toward the State,” in: Kazimierz M. Słomczyński and Sandra Marquart-Pyatt (eds.), Continuity and Change in Social Life: Structural and Psychological Adjustment in Poland, Warsaw: Institute of Philosophy and...

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