Inequalities, Welfare State, and Horizontal Mobility
Part IThe Problem of Welfare State, Inequalities, Migration, and Politics
Part I The Problem of Welfare State, Inequalities, Migration, and Politics 22 Marek Nowak Inequalities and Migration (Mainly from the Polish Perspective) 23 Marek Nowak Inequalities and Migration (Mainly from the Polish Perspective). Why Do Central and Eastern European Societies Need More Welfare States? … welfare policy arrangements and institutions exacerbate or ameliorate existing social cleav- ages and conflicts. Liberals regimes, which are characterized by market-dominated welfare pro- vision, tend to produce and reproduce class- based differences, while conservative corporatist regimes tend to create distinctions based on “insiders” and “outsiders” in the formal labor market. In contrast, social-democratic regimes tend to create distinctions by gender and sector. M. Christy Glass, Sandra Marquart-Pyatt1 Abstract: This article describes the possible correlations between inequalities and migration. A sociological interpretation is based on public data (especially Eurostat) and the scientific results of the EUREQUAL project which quantitatively investigated the problems of inequalities in 13 European post-communist countries. The compara- tive strategy provides an opportunity to show central and eastern Europe in the men- tioned context, and shows a possible way to understand why emigration is a relatively rare way of solving individual existential problems in spite of the relatively stable structural differences in quality of life, typical of this part of Europe. ________________ 1 M. Christy Glass and Sandra Marquart-Pyatt, “Welfare State Change and Atti- tudes Toward the State,” in: Kazimierz M. Słomczyński and Sandra Marquart-Pyatt (eds.), Continuity and Change in Social Life: Structural and Psychological Adjustment in Poland, Warsaw: Institute of Philosophy and...
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