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Indirect and Direct Aggression

Edited By Karin Österman

Indirect and Direct Aggression consists of 24 chapters written by distinguished scholars within the field of aggression research, covering indirect aggression, bullying in schools, adult bullying, and societal and biological aspects of aggression. Indirect aggression is the most typical form of aggression used by women in most cultures. It is an aggressive strategy that is carried out by means of social manipulation that enables the perpetrator to go unnoticed and thereby escape retaliation. Knowledge about indirect aggression and its mechanisms is crucial for all anti-bullying efforts, among children and adults alike. Although briefly covered in early research on human aggression, the study of indirect aggression originates, beginning from the mid-1980s, from a research group in Finland, lead by Professor Kaj Björkqvist of Åbo Akademi University. The book can be used as a textbook at university level.

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Preface - 1

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Preface The present volume is a Festschrift for professor Kaj Björkqvist on his 60th birthday. Kaj Björkqvist is professor of developmental psychology at Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland. He is well-known all over the world for his research on aggression. In particular, his name is linked to the study of indirect aggression. He is well-known for his work on female aggression, and he has constructed a developmental theory about different forms of aggression, i.e. physical, verbal, and indirect aggression. He has also studied bullying in schools and in workplaces, and the effects of media violence. Furthermore, he has stud- ied conflict resolution, and conducted cross-cultural research. He has published 12 books and more than a hundred scientific articles, mainly in English, but also in Finnish, Swedish, Italian, German, and Japanese. Scientists are not always well-known to the general public, but this is not the case of Kaj Björkqvist. His work has earned much public interest, and he is fre- quently being interviewed in the press, radio, and on TV, in many countries. He has for instance been interviewed by the New York Times, The Guardian in England, National Public Radio in U.S.A., and Spiegel TV in Germany, just to name a few. He has also twice been asked to lecture for the Parliament of Finland on how to counter violence in society. He is a devoted and active member of the International Society for Research on Aggression, a long-time council member of the society, and has co-organised...

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