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Environmental Management Systems in Local Public Authorities

A Comparative Study of the Introduction and Implementation of EMAS in the United Kingdom and Germany

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Martin Jungwirth

This study analyses the introduction and implementation processes of the European environmental management standard EMAS in modern local public administrations in the UK and Germany. Based on the different political and institutional settings, a qualitative analysis reveals the effects of the policy instrument. The study comes to the conclusion that the organizational processes are mostly dependent on the dominant actors within each organization. The orientation towards New Public Management can be beneficial for organizations working with EMAS while others can use it to start a modernization process. On a national level, EMAS is a classical case of an innovative, voluntary and flexible policy instrument with an imperfect national implementation that has dramatic effects on its use.

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1 Local Authorities between Modernisation and Europeanization: How public authorities meet the challenge of introducing a management-orientated policy instrument 17

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1 Local Authorities between Modernisation and Europeanization: How public authorities meet the challenge of introducing a management-orientated policy instrument 1.1 Introduction The task of this chapter is to provide a general introduction to the topic of the study followed by an outline of the research question and, finally, a presen- tation of the course of work. The first part of this chapter concentrates on the importance of the study for political science in general and policy research especially. It will position this research paper within the current policy research debate, focusing on programme evaluation as a method for the future design of policy instruments. The second part will elaborate on the policy field of European environmental policy with a brief discussion of the development of this policy field and the relevant policy instruments which will provide the frame for the function and importance of EMAS, the policy instrument which is at the centre of the analysis. The third part will give an overview on the polity arena in which the policy EMAS instrument is used, focusing on the essential importance of modernisation of the regional public sector and thus giving an idea of the broader use of EMAS as an instrument of public authority reform. The fourth part concentrates on the research questions which are leading this work while the fifth will give an outlook of the course of the study. 1.2 Policy evaluation as an instrument for effective governance Since the 1950ies, the question of the effectiveness of political...

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