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Environmental Management Systems in Local Public Authorities

A Comparative Study of the Introduction and Implementation of EMAS in the United Kingdom and Germany

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Martin Jungwirth

This study analyses the introduction and implementation processes of the European environmental management standard EMAS in modern local public administrations in the UK and Germany. Based on the different political and institutional settings, a qualitative analysis reveals the effects of the policy instrument. The study comes to the conclusion that the organizational processes are mostly dependent on the dominant actors within each organization. The orientation towards New Public Management can be beneficial for organizations working with EMAS while others can use it to start a modernization process. On a national level, EMAS is a classical case of an innovative, voluntary and flexible policy instrument with an imperfect national implementation that has dramatic effects on its use.

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7 Final Conclusions 215

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7 Final Conclusions 7.1 Introduction A detailed analysis of the organisations is provided in chapter six. Therefore the aim of the following is to draw conclusions out of this analysis. First, the conclusions will focus on the model of administration that is the underlying structure of the organisation’s operation, second, on the introduction and implementation of EMAS as a policy instrument that covers (or at least aims to cover) the majority of environmentally-important effects of the organi- sations and, third, the effects of this instrument on the organisational learning processes. All this is done in reference to the research questions of chapter one, which are recapitulated here: 1. Is there a structural advantage in the style and operation of the public authorities that supports the use of management-orientated instruments, in this case the introduction and implementation of EMAS? 2. How is EMAS introduced and implemented in public regional authorities in Germany and the UK? What are the main reasons for implementing it? Which policy processes lead to a successful implementation result? 3. Which learning effects for the organisation have been achieved with the management system? In a second part, conclusions regarding the policy instrument EMAS will be drawn. These will cover the use of EMAS within public authorities, the current revision of the EMAS regulation (so-called EMAS III) as well as the future of environmental policy instruments, especially the renaissance of regulative instruments in contrast to voluntary and flexible arrangements. A third part will concentrate on further research needs regarding...

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