Alpo Honkapohja (University of Helsinki) - Multilingualism in Trinity College Cambridge Manuscript O.1.77 25
Multilingualism in Trinity College Cambridge Manuscript O.1.77.1 Alpo Honkapohja, University of Helsinki ABSTRACT England has a rich tradition of medieval medical manuscripts surviving both in the vernacular and Latin, which were for a long period of time paid fairly little attention. The last two decades have seen an increase in research into scientific and medical works in the vernacular. What is, however, seriously lacking is a comprehensive treatment of the other side of vernacularisation, the Latin and mixed-language materials that make up the vast majority of medical texts surviving from England in the Middle Ages. My PhD is intended to be the first genuinely bilingual digital edition of the manuscript Trinity College, Cambridge, O.1.77, a small late-medieval medical handbook. This article looks into multilingualism in the manuscript. It starts with a description of the manuscript, which summarises known background facts about the codex and presents a slight revision of the manuscripts date. James (1902) has dated the manuscript 1460, based on markings on the fly- leaves, which is probably not accurate. I offer a new date of 1454-1459. The main part of the arti- cle consists of looking into multilingualism in the manuscript, firstly, on which texts are in Middle English and which in Latin, and secondly, by analysing code-switching between Latin and Middle English with a discourse-functional pragmatic approach. After which, I relate the findings into the socio-historical context of fifteenth century, based on other studies. The article finishes with a discussion of the possibilities the digital edition offers...
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