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Canadian Studies: The State of the Art- Études canadiennes : Questions de recherché

1981-2011: International Council for Canadian Studies (ICCS)- 1981-2011 : Conseil international d’études canadiennes (CIEC)

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Edited By Klaus-Dieter Ertler, Stewart Gill, Susan Hodgett and Patrick James

Celebrating the 30 th anniversary of the International Council for Canadian Studies (ICCS) this collection offers an overview of the state of the art in various disciplines in Canadian Studies, such as political science, history, geography, sociology, public policy, linguistics, literature, as well as media studies and cultural studies.
À l’occasion du 30 e anniversaire du Conseil international d’études canadiennes (CIEC), nous offrons un panorama de la recherche et de ses questions dans les différentes disciplines en études canadiennes, telles que les sciences politiques, l’histoire, la géographie, la linguistique, la littérature, ainsi que les études sur les médias et sur les cultures.

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Introduction 9

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Introduction In 2011, the International Council for Canadian Studies has reached the mature age of thirty. To mark this anniversary, we are offering a volume about the state of research in Canadian Studies. Comparative questions as well as historical overviews within the multiple disciplines constitute the focus of the book. C’est un tour d’horizon portant sur quelques acquis importants de la recherche en Étu- des canadiennes. Afin de souligner la position du Canada dans les Amériques, les textes sont rédigés en anglais, en français ou en espagnol. Patrick James has provided a concise but comprehensive review of constitu- tional politics in Canada. His chapter reviews the current theories on Canadian politics and provides a useful summary of his recent book published by the Uni- versity of British Columbia Press, Constitutional Politics in Canada after the Charter. James puts forward five theories as dominating the contemporary Ca- nadian political scene classified under two categories, liberal and communi- tarian. Under the heading liberal, James notes Negative Identity, Megapolitics and Institutional Imbalance and under communitarian, Asymmetric Federalism and Citizens’ Constitution. Centripetal and centrifugal forces are looked at in the tensions between a central and decentralised model in a federal system and the answer to Canada’s political future may as James poses lie outside the current theories. Martin Thunert looks at the very important index used by the OECD, the Sustainable Governance Indicators, to determine the economic and social health and well-being of a nation. Thunert compares Canada and its...

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