Empirical Insights into Intangible Assets, Open Innovation and Firm Embeddedness in Regional Innovation Systems in Europe
2 INTANGIBLE ASSETS, MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES AND REGIONAL INNOVATION CAPACITY 12
12 2 Intangible Assets, Multinational Enterprises and Regional Innovation Capacity: Theoretical Foundations and Conceptual Remarks Abstract The sources of value creation are changing, strongly relying on intangible assets. Intangible assets are the lifeblood of knowledge-intensive industries, i.e. industries with high growth prospects and innovation performance where value creation is disproportionally based on spe- cialized, non-repetitious activities. However, while the role of intangible assets is increasingly recognized as central to sustained competitiveness of firms and advanced economies, the un- derstanding of why and how IAs are now so critical still remains unclear. This chapter examines the still embryonic understanding of intangible assets, both at the level of the individual firm and the regional level, and puts forward that the application of an intangible assets perspective helps in understanding heretofore hidden interrelationships in Regional Innovation Systems. Furthermore, it is argued that a holistic conceptualization of IAs is necessary in order to show how effective and efficient different productive factors, in- cluding material and non-material assets, work in a Regional Innovation System. Finally, a conceptual framework is developed that is able to shed light on the role of intangible assets for both MNE innovation processes and regional innovation capacity. Keywords Intangible Assets, Competence-Based View, Knowledge Creation Processes, Multinational Enterprises, Business Network Theory. 2.1 Introduction Intangible assets (IAs) are now largely recognized as the most important drivers of knowledge creation and innovation, and consequently of economic growth. As emphasized by AUGIER and TEECE (2005) and MUDAMBI (2008), among others, the primary source of economic...
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