Empirical Insights into Intangible Assets, Open Innovation and Firm Embeddedness in Regional Innovation Systems in Europe
6 REGIONS AS CATALYSTS OF OPEN INNOVATION? THE CASE OF SAP IN THE REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM OF BADEN-WÜRTTEMBERG 148
148 6 Regions as Catalysts of Open Innovation? The Case of SAP in the Regional Innovation System of Baden-Württemberg Abstract Following GASSMANN, ENKEL and CHESBROUGH (2010), the spatial dimension of Open Innovation represents one of the core fields for future research on the topic. More pre- cisely, they argue that geographical proximity to regional centers of excellence remains cen- tral despite the globalization of innovation. Taking this discussion as a starting point, this chapter explores the outside-in and coupled Open Innovation processes of the German soft- ware firm SAP, explicitly incorporating the concepts of absorptive capacity and localized learning in Regional Innovation Systems (RIS) into the analysis. Patent and publication data- bases are used to analyze the breadth and depth as well as the spatial configuration of SAP’s Open Innovation networks, followed by a qualitative matrix analysis of semi-structured inter- views with leading SAP representatives. The analysis shows that SAP is highly engaged in co-innovation networks that have a strong regional concentration tied to its architecture of R&D units, and provides confirmation that geographical proximity, along with other dimensions of proximity, to dynamic RIS in- creases SAP’s capability to value and acquire external knowledge. Keywords Open Innovation, Regional Innovation Systems, Absorptive Capacity, Spatial Organization of Innovation, Embeddedness. 6.1 Introduction It is widely considered today that sustaining global competitiveness is increa- singly determined by a firm’s ability to combine different knowledge inputs from a variety of sources, some of them local, others national or global (LUNDVALL, 1992; MOODYSSON et...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.