Jews, Christians and Pagans in Antiquity
Edited By Jörg Ulrich, David Brakke and Anders-Christian Jacobsen
The Diversity of Apologetics: From Genre to a Mode of Thinking 15
The Diversity of Apologetics: From Genre to a Mode of Thinking* Anders Klostergaard Petersen The aim of this essay is to refine the understanding of apologet- ics by developing a typology capable of encompassing a number of very different phenomena traditionally subsumed under the um- brella term: apologetics. In order to avoid misunderstandings, let me from the outset emphasise that I do not attempt to provide a conclusive answer to the multiplicity of problems that pertain to apologetics. After four years of study of different Greco-Roman, Jewish, and Christian apologetic compositions dating to a period covering almost a millennium and originating in geographical set- tings that embrace a wide area of the past Mediterranean world, I recognise the elusive nature of the topic. As soon as one begins to think that one has firm grip on apologetics, the issue opens itself to new forms, and appears under new guises. The Protean nature of apologetics both as a scholarly category and as an ancient indig- enous classification notwithstanding, 1 believe that the members of "The article is a summary of some of the more theoretical work that I have been conducting in connection with the research area on Apologetics and Criticism. Pagans, Christians and Jews in Antiquity situated at the Faculty of Theology at the University of Aarhus during the period 2002-2006. Most of this work is available in Danish only. I expect, however, to revise and refine some of my publications on the topic and publish them in English in...
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