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Non-native Speech

A Corpus-based Analysis of Phonological and Phonetic Properties of L2 English and German

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Ulrike Gut

Based on an innovative corpus-based approach, this book offers a comprehensive survey of the phonological and phonetic properties of L2 speech in English and German. The first part of the book critically examines current theoretical models and research methodologies in the field of second language acquisition of phonology and describes the advances that have been made in corpus linguistics over the past few years – in particular, the development of phonological learner corpora. It furthermore presents the first learner corpus of L2 English and L2 German that is fully aligned and has extensive phonological annotations: the LeaP corpus. The second part of the book describes the results of the quantitative and qualitative corpus analyses in the following areas of non-native speech: fluency, final consonant cluster realisation, vowel reduction and speech rhythm, intonation and general foreign accent. In addition, the influence of many non-linguistic factors, including instruction and a stay abroad, on the phonological properties of non-native speech is explored.

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8 Intonation 195

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8 Intonation This chapter is concerned with intonation in non-native speech. Section 8.1 introduces definitions and models of intonation and section 8.2 describes the tone inventory and meaning of tones in both English and German. Section 8.3 is concerned with intonational phrasing in both languages. Nucleus placement and its function of marking new and given information is described in section 8.4, and section 8.5 presents a description of pitch range and paratone and their function in the structuring of discourse. The following four sections discuss previous findings an the tone inventory and the function of individual tones in non-native speech (section 8.6), non-native phrasing (section 8.7), non-native accent placement and the intonational marking of the given/new information status (section 8.8), and the non-native use of pitch range and paratone (section 8.9). After a description of the method and the aims of the corpus analysis in section 8.10 the results are presented in section 8.11 and summarized and discussed in section 8.12. 8.1 Models of intonational structure The term intonation refers to the linguistic use of pitch and pitch movement in a systematic, language-specific way. The development of descriptive models in the area of intonation began in the early 20 1`1 century. The major conceptual and terminological difficulty that still remains today is the question of the scope of intonation. In a broad definition of intonation the term covers both linguistic and paralinguistic features of pitch (see Fox 2001). There it is postulated that intonation is a complex aspect of communication,...

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