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Preschool and Primary Education

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Edited By Jaan Mikk, Marika Veisson and Piret Luik

The studies in this volume explore a number of issues in education today. One paper reveals what actually motivates teachers to develop their career, another, how to teach primary teachers to talk about visual art. Children’s artworks were explored in one article to see how they relate to their adjustment to school. In another, a case study was successful in developing reasoning in primary school students. The measurement of mathematics achievement revealed no difference between Estonian speaking and Russian speaking schools. Performance-related goals were shown in another article to be associated with the self-concept of the students. The learning disabilities of children were analysed, and the production of narratives by children with language impairment. The analysis of aggressive behaviour in children in Estonia and Finland indicated gender and country differences in their behaviour.

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LEARNING IN PRIMARY SCHOOL

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Relationship Between First Grade Students’ Adjustment to School and Creativity Kai-Liis Gramakovski1, Eha Rüütel Tallinn University Abstract The current study draws on the concept that adjusting to school includes aca- demic, social and behavioural adjustment. The aim of the study was to clarify the relationship between student adjustment as assessed by their class teachers, and indicators of adjustment and creativity manifested in the students’ creative work assessed by experts. The creative technique known as “school image” applied by the study asked children to create a school figure and a kindergarten figure using the tools and materials provided and to answer interview questions. Twenty randomly selected first grade students from the same school (10 boys, 10 girls) completed a “school image” creative work at the beginning and at the end of the school year. The results of the analysis indicated that the children’s “school image” reflects the component of social adjustment and relates to the teachers’ assessment of the students’ adjustment. The data analysis showed an interaction between changes in the adjustment to school and the creativity mani- fested in the students’ creative work pointing to changes in the opposite direc- tion during the first school year. Keywords: “School image” creative technique, first grade students, adjustment to school, creativity. Introduction The transition from kindergarten to school is a unique, complex and multi- faceted process for children, which in addition to the change of environment, also involves numerous biological, developmental and family changes (Perry & Weinstein, 1998) in terms of social relations,...

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