LEARNING IN PRIMARY SCHOOL
Relationship Between First Grade Students’ Adjustment to School and Creativity Kai-Liis Gramakovski1, Eha Rüütel Tallinn University Abstract The current study draws on the concept that adjusting to school includes aca- demic, social and behavioural adjustment. The aim of the study was to clarify the relationship between student adjustment as assessed by their class teachers, and indicators of adjustment and creativity manifested in the students’ creative work assessed by experts. The creative technique known as “school image” applied by the study asked children to create a school figure and a kindergarten figure using the tools and materials provided and to answer interview questions. Twenty randomly selected first grade students from the same school (10 boys, 10 girls) completed a “school image” creative work at the beginning and at the end of the school year. The results of the analysis indicated that the children’s “school image” reflects the component of social adjustment and relates to the teachers’ assessment of the students’ adjustment. The data analysis showed an interaction between changes in the adjustment to school and the creativity mani- fested in the students’ creative work pointing to changes in the opposite direc- tion during the first school year. Keywords: “School image” creative technique, first grade students, adjustment to school, creativity. Introduction The transition from kindergarten to school is a unique, complex and multi- faceted process for children, which in addition to the change of environment, also involves numerous biological, developmental and family changes (Perry & Weinstein, 1998) in terms of social relations,...
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