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The Holocaust in Occupied Poland: New Findings and New Interpretations

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Edited By Jan Tomasz Gross

New archival materials have provided the basis for rethinking the dynamic of the Holocaust in Poland. These historical sources consist primarily of court papers from postwar trials of Polish citizens. Using such files, historians are now better able to document and write the dramatic story of antagonism between Jews evading the Nazi dragnet, and a hostile rural populace which sometimes collaborated in persecution. Although important works on the Holocaust appeared earlier in Poland, only during the last several years has a scholarly milieu emerged in the country for taking the Holocaust out of its intellectual ghetto as a strictly «Jewish» subject, and repositioning it at the center of Poland’s wartime history.

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Natalia Aleksiun: Christian Corpses for Christians!Dissecting the Anti-Semitism behind the Cadaver Affair of the Second Polish Republic

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Natalia Aleksiun Touro College, New York Christian Corpses for Christians! Dissecting the Anti-Semitism behind the Cadaver Affair of the Second Polish Republic Author’s Note: I would like to thank Professor Antony Polonsky of Brandeis University for his comments when the paper was first presented at the Interna- tional Conference, “The Holocaust in Poland,” held at Princeton University in October 2010. Professor Anna Maria Orla-Bukowska of Jagiellonian University and Professors Marion Kaplan and Hasia Diner of New York University read and commented on an early draft of the article. Last but not least, I am grateful to Professor Theodore Weeks of Southern Illinois University, Professor Gen- nady Estraikh of New York University, and Dagmara Harezga of Jagiellonian University for sharing their notes and references. On 12 March 1930, a crowd of students from Warsaw’s institutions of higher education attacked Jewish medical students at the Institute of Anatomy, drag- ging them out of the dissecting room, throwing them down the stairs, and for- cing them out of the building. Several Jewish students suffered serious inju- ries as a result of the incident, which ended with an anti-Jewish rally.1 Throughout the 1930s, university campuses in Lvov, Cracow, and Vilno wit- nessed similar scenes of brutality against both male and female Jewish stu- dents. On one occasion, a female Jewish student was taken to a well, where Christian students poured cold water on her and then threw her into the street with her clothes torn.2 These incidents shared as their underlying theme a widespread...

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