Edited By Albrecht Schneider and Arne von Ruschkowski
Orie Takada: Sound Radiation Patterns in Classical Singing Styles
163 Orie Takada Sound Radiation Patterns in Classical Singing Styles Summary Most musical instruments exhibit complex patterns of sound radiation, which change with direction, pitches played and other factors. The same holds true for the body of a singer (regarded as an instrument) singing with her or his voice but activating also parts of the chest, face, etc. A topic addressed in this paper is whether there are differences between ‚classical’ and other styles of singing in regard to sound production and sound radiation. Changing patterns of sound radiation relating to ‘chest voice’ and ‘head voice’ as well as to ‘Belcanto’ and the so-called ‘German singing-technique’ were investigated with a microphone array comprising 128 microphones. The intonation of three tones (B3, B4, F5) shows that radiation patterns of the female singing voice depend on the vocal technique and the type of the vocalization employed, and on the pitch of the tone that is sung. 1. Introduction In the available literature singing is analyzed from both a theoretical and practical point of view. For example, such books may discuss acoustical, physiological and phonatory aspects of singing (e.g., Sundberg 1987/1997). Very few studies as yet are directed to cognitive issues involved in singing though this is also an important field that needs to be studied. Further, motor control as related to cognition is of interest since any singer must learn in lessons and through exercises to control and coordinate those parts of the body relevant to sound production in singing. This implies...
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