Vulnerability and the Process of Recovery for Households and Companies in Phang-Nga and Phuket Provinces in Thailand
3 Vulnerability framework used in this study
As seen before the major approaches of vulnerability research can be divided into two strands (cp. Figure 6). On the one hand, the concept of ‘vulnerability to poverty’ uses an income threshold to define a vulnerable state. If the household is likely to fall under this income threshold, the household can be called vulner- able. On the other hand, there are the frameworks resulting from the socio- economic research fields which are more focused on describing the interactions of exposure, sensitivity and resilience in a more qualitative and holistic way. The aim of this study is to create a quantitative measurement tool for vul- nerability which is suited to the special situation of the 2004 tsunami and inte- grates the elements of vulnerability discussed above. The concept of vulnerabil- ity to poverty is not applicable for the special situation in southern Thailand af- ter the tsunami due to the enormous efforts undertaken by governmental and non-governmental agencies to support local households and businesses in their recovery efforts. As a consequence, the poverty rate in this relatively high in- come area of Thailand is still significantly lower than the average of the whole kingdom. The main characteristics of the 2004 tsunami in southern Thailand re- sult from its special nature as a rapidly occurring and covariant risk affecting all households to the same degree, with differences depending only on their loca- tion relative to the coastline and their exposed assets. Due to the fact that tsuna- mis were not known in...
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