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Labour and Sustainable Development

North-South Perspectives


Edited By Francesco Garibaldo and Dinghong Yi

This book takes up a critical and realistic perspective on what is happening in China, India and other Asian countries in comparison with Western countries. It avoids hiding problems and difficulties, but communicates a positive message on the possibility to proceed in achieving a better situation. In this perspective the analysis of the public policies is a key point. These policies, in the Eastern as well as in the Western countries show objective difficulties and social contradictions but also that improvement is possible. The initial chapter is completely devoted to a study of China from within. The other topics analysed in the book are related to the social and natural environment’s sustainability: innovation, research and education on the one side and the life of workers on the other; also including the «invisible» people of the informal employment and the economic migrants, especially in Asia.


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Chapter 5: Informal Employment, Social Security and Social Sustainability


283 Voluntary Poverty and the Moral Economics of Development: The Gandhian Paradigm Anup Dash , Utkal University, Bhubaneswar (Orissa), India Abstract The deepening civilizational crisis has already brought us to the point of structurally irreversible limits. As the great lessons from the 20th century teach us, it seems impossible that we can solve the problems of development, environment, human security and social peace through application of con- ventional wisdom by making simple “make shift” policy changes at the global level or merely chang- ing the “forms” in the dominant paradigm. Therefore, as we enter into the 21st century, we ought to search for answers beyond the Capitalist-Socialist divide, or the State-Market dichotomy in a globalized world. Essentially, both are two different faces of the same paradigm of violence – based on violence of man by man and violence of nature by man. At the root of this paradigm is the acquisi- tive, self-seeking, utility-maximizing, atomistic, instrumentally rational, and anthropocentric homo oeconomicus. In our search for another world, we ought to look for radical alternatives to this very foundation of the present paradigm, and build up an agenda for a peaceful social transformation through a human revolution. Against this backdrop, this paper examines the Gandhian Paradigm of Non-Violent social transformation as an alternative to create a sustainable society, ensuring human wellbeing at the micro level and peace at the macro level, through a moral transformation of the anthropological monster, the homo oeconomicus. Content The Wall Street Model in Crisis ...................................................................... 284 Wealth vs. Wellbeing:...

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