An Exemplary Study Investigating the Emergence and Strengthening of Self-Regulation Regimes in the Apparel Industry
Since the 1990s, NGO publicised severe allegations against transnational corpo- rations (TNCs). The apparel industry and its labour practices have been especial- ly under the spotlight: Fourteen year old children working fourteen hours a day, young women working for less than twenty US cents an hour, workers losing their jobs after establishing a union, unpaid overtime and factories resembling prisons – the news on scandalous labour practices in apparel factories are travelling the globe.1 In an era of cheap and easy communication which allows news to spread quickly, allegations of abusive labour standards threaten TNCs. The public out- cry against these practices is remarkable and the call for states to restrain corpo- rate power is getting louder. In recent years, business regulation has been a con- troversial issue within societies and in relations between states. The process which is often referred to as ‘globalisation’2, a term that de- scribes the increasing economic, political, and cultural interdependence, has cre- ated various new possibilities for states, corporations and individuals. Moreover political and cultural exchanges offer individuals and other actor groups new opportunities. But globalisation has also caused serious problems for the regula- tion of business. Firms can evade national regulation by relocating their business activities and the fear of losing valuable investment and affecting the national economy in a negative way has made governments very careful about further regulating their businesses. International institutions, for example the UN, the ILO or the OECD, try to address the problem, but in most cases either lack...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.