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Departures from Post-Colonial Authoritarianism

Analysis of System Change with a Focus on Tanzania

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Elke Grawert

This study sends the reader on an exciting journey into social and political life in Africa. It gives space to the voices of Tanzanian villagers, rural associations, branches of political parties and local government officers and their views of socio-economic and political change during the 1990s. This authentic picture is combined with a thorough sociological and political economy analysis showing the dynamics in the relations between state components and social forces in the context of neo-liberal globalization. The book is not only attractive as a country case study. It contains a deep analysis of the paradigmatic shift of African political systems from post-colonial rule to governance in response to neo-liberalism and provides new insights in processes of political transformation.

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List of Figures and Tables ................................................................................. 17 Conversion Statistics.......................................................................................... 18 List of Abbreviations.......................................................................................... 19 1 Introduction ......................................................................................... 23 2 Analyzing Processes of Political Transformation ............................. 35 2.1 Analysis of System Change from the Perspective of Comparative Political Science .................................................................................... 36 2.1.1 System Typologies ................................................................................ 36 2.1.2 Phasing and Typologies of Transformation........................................... 40 2.1.3 The Question of System Consolidation ................................................. 44 2.1.4 Potential of Political Culture Studies for Analyzing Democratization.. 47 2.1.5 ‘Deficient Democracies’ - Recognizing the Lack of a Concept ............ 50 2.2 Analyses of Economic and Political Transformation from the Perspective of Development Policy Studies ............................................................. 54 2.2.1 Simultaneous Economic and Political Transformation ......................... 55 2.2.2 Shaping Simultaneous Transformation through ‘Good Governance’ ... 59 2.2.3 Potential and Limitations of Devolution for Democratization .............. 64 2.3 Approaches to Analyze Transformation as Dynamics of State-Society Relations.......................................................................... 72 2.3.1 Critical Assessment of the Concepts of Neo-patrimonialism and the Rent-seeking State..................................................................... 73 2.3.2 The Concept of Stateness and the State-in-Society Approach .............. 77 2.3.3 Concepts of Civil Society from a Liberal Perspective........................... 80 2.3.4 Considerations on Civil Society and State from a Critical Political Economy Perspective............................................................................. 87 2.4 Towards a Comprehensive Analytical Concept of Transformation ...... 94 3 Survey of Transformation in Africa with Focus on Socio-political Dimensions ............................................................103 3.1 Authoritarian Systems in Africa ...........................................................104 3.1.1 Influences of the Cold War on African Political Systems ....................105 3.1.2 Challenges for African Political Systems on Gaining Independence ...107 3.1.3 State-Society Relations under Authoritarian Rule................................113 3.2 Patterns of Transformation in Africa ....................................................122 3.2.1 Popular Protest and Political Liberalization .........................................122 12 3.2.2 Persistence and Change of Governments and the Challenges...

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